Beginners always face difficulty in finding max and min Value of Numpy. In fact, the max and min are very useful in finding statistics. Therefore in this entire tutorial, you will know how to find max and min value of Numpy and its index for both the one dimensional and multi dimensional array.

Table of Contents

## 1. Max and Min Value for the One Dimensional (1-D) array

Let’s create a 1-D NumPy array using the * numpy.array()* method. The

*method accepts the list of all values you want to create NumPy array as an argument.*

**array()**```
#1-D array
import numpy as np
array = np.array([19,5,10,1,9,17,50,19,25,50])
print(array)
```

### Finding the Maximum Value

To find the max value you have to use the * max() *method. Just pass the input array as an argument inside the

*method.*

**max()**```
max = np.max(array)
print("The maximum value in the array is :",max)
```

### Index for the Maximum Value

To find the index for the maximum value you have to pass a specific condition as the argument inside the * numpy.where()* method.

```
#Index of the Maximum element
conditon = (array == max)
result = np.where(conditon)
print("Arrays for the max element:",result)
print("List for the maximum value indexes:",result[0])
```

### Finding the Minimum Value

*method.*

**numpy.min()**```
# Minimum Value
min = np.min(array)
print("The minimum value in the array is :",min)
```

### Index of the Minimum Value

*method.*

**numpy.where()**```
# Index of the Minimum element
conditon = (array == min)
result = np.where(conditon)
print("Arrays for the min element:",result)
print("List for the min value indexes:",result[0])
```

## 2. Max and Min Value for the Two Dimensional (2-D) array

There are three ways you can find the max and min value of the NumPy array.

**Maximum and Minumum in the entire array****Max and Min value in each column****Maximum and Minimum value in each row.**

Let’s create a two-dimensional before finding max and min values. I am randomly generation a 2-D array of size 4×3.

```
#2-D Array
array_2d = np.arange(12).reshape(4,3)
print(array_2d)
```

### Finding the Max Value in the entire array

You can find the maximum value in the entire array using the same * numpy.max() *method just like you have used in finding the max in 1D. It will find the lowest element and gives the output.

```
max_2d = np.max(array_2d)
print("The maximum value for the 2D-array:",max_2d)
```

### Maximum Value in Each Column and Row

Here you have to use an extra argument and it is axis = 0 or axis =1.

#### Max Value in Column

```
# maximum value in each column
max_in_column = np.max(array_2d,axis=0)
print(max_in_column)
```

#### Max Value in Row

```
# maximum value in each row
max_in_row = np.max(array_2d,axis=1)
print(max_in_row)
```

Here I am using the same method max() but now I am passing axis =0 to tell the interpreter to traverse along with the columns and axis =1 to traverse along the columns.

### Finding the Index for the Max Value in 2D

You can easily find the index of the max value in a 1-dimensional NumPy array. But for the 2D array, you have to use Numpy module unravel_index. It will easily find the Index of the Max and Min value.

```
from numpy import unravel_index
result = unravel_index(np.max(array_2d),array_2d.shape)
print("Index for the Maximum Value in the 2D Array is:",result)
```

Here I am passing the two arguments inside the unravel_index() method one is the maximum value of the array and shape of the array. Here In our case, the shape of the array is 4 rows and 3 columns.

### Finding the Min Value in the entire array

To find the minimum value inside the array you have to use the * numpy.min()* method and pass the array.

```
#Minimum Element in the 2D- Array
min_2d = np.min(array_2d)
print("The minimum value for the 2D-array:",min_2d)
```

### Minimum Value in Each Column and Row

#### Min Value in Column

```
# minimum value in each column
min_in_column = np.min(array_2d,axis=0)
print(min_in_column)
```

#### Min Value in Row

```
# minimum value in each row
min_in_row = np.min(array_2d,axis=1)
print(min_in_row)
```

To find the min value in each column and row you have to just change the value of the axis, axis = 0 for the column, and axis =1 for the row in the min() method.

### Index for the Min Value in 2D

Just like you have learned how to find the index of max value in 2D using the unravel_index() method. Here you will also use that. You have to pass the minimum value and the shape of the array as the arguments.

index_of_min = unravel_index(np.min(array_2d),array_2d.shape) print("Index for the Minimum Value in the 2D Array is:",index_of_min)

Source:

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